What Can a Urologist Diagnose?
Urology is a medical field that deals with diseases and problems related to the urinary tract (kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra) as well as male organs that make babies (penis, testes, and scrotum).
A urologist can diagnose many different problems urologist online. They use a physical exam and imaging tests, such as CT scans or ultrasound, to find the problem.
1. Urinary Tract Infections
A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection that occurs in the urethra, bladder, ureters or kidneys. UTIs are more common in women than in men, but they can occur in anyone.
A person’s age, habits and health conditions can make a UTI more likely. Signs and symptoms include a need to urinate often or right away, pain during urination, blood in the urine and pain in the lower abdomen.
A urologist can diagnose an infection by testing your urine or doing a physical exam. They may also do an ultrasound or a cystoscopy.
2. Interstitial Cystitis
Interstitial cystitis (IC) is a chronic bladder problem that causes pain, pressure and discomfort in the pelvic area. It can irritate the bladder wall, causing scarring and stiffening of the bladder and pinpoint bleeding (glomerulations).
Interstitial cystitis does not respond to antibiotics and is often associated with other conditions such as urinary tract infections, cancer, endometriosis in women and prostate problems in men.
The most common symptom of IC is pelvic pain, which can be very intense during the menstrual cycle. It can also cause urgency to pee, which may happen up to 60 times a day in severe cases.
3. Overactive Bladder
An overactive bladder is a common disorder that affects about 11-16% of adults. It causes sudden, strong urges to urinate and can also cause frequent urination (nocturia) at night.
Overactive bladder symptoms usually begin when your kidneys create urine. The urine then travels to your bladder, where nerve signals from the brain tell you to urinate.
During this process, your pelvic floor muscles relax and the urethra muscles tighten. These muscle contractions push urine out of your bladder.
Sometimes, overactive bladder is caused by incomplete bladder emptying, overactive bladder muscles, or improper nerve signals sent from the brain to your bladder. Symptoms can be relieved with medication, nerve stimulation and behavioral approaches.
4. Kidney Stones
A urologist can diagnose kidney stones by performing a complete medical history, physical exam, and blood and urine tests. He or she may also recommend imaging tests to look for stones in the urinary tract and check for recurrences.
Your kidneys filter 120 to 150 quarts of blood each day to eliminate waste and balance fluids in your body. Each kidney has a tube called a ureter that carries urine to your bladder.
When there is too much waste or too many chemicals in your urine, crystals can form and get larger. These crystals can then clog your ureter, causing pain and other symptoms.
Fortunately, most kidney stones pass without causing any damage. However, if they cause pain or other complications, surgery may be necessary to remove the stone.
5. Erectile Dysfunction
Erectile dysfunction is when you have trouble getting and keeping a firm, sexually satisfying erection. It’s important to see a urologist when it becomes a problem so that treatment can be started immediately.
ED can be caused by a variety of health conditions, including heart disease and diabetes. Often, ED can be improved with healthy lifestyle choices, such as eating well and staying active.
Your doctor may give you a physical exam, order blood tests and collect a urine sample. You’ll also have a discussion about your sex habits and any other concerns.